Zaslavsky, Rudolf, 1886-1937
Found in 10 Collections and/or Records:
The collection contains play manuscripts, programs, playbills, posters, photographs, correspondence, agreements, scrapbooks, clippings, printed ephemera, and memorabilia relating to Yiddish theater primarily in the early twentieth century, especially the interwar period. Also included are items of printed ephemera related to Yiddish film, Hebrew theater, and a broad range of Jewish performers, including cantors, singers and dancers. Geographically, the materials originate predominantly in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe, including parts of the Russian Empire and, later, the Soviet Union; and, to a lesser extent, the United States, especially New York City. Also included are materials from Western Europe, Palestine (Eretz Israel), South America, and other regions around the world. Among the theater personalities represented in the collection with significant amounts of material are Herz Grossbard, David Herman, Joseph Winogradoff, Rudolf Zaslavsky, Zygmunt Turkow, Jonas Turkow, Moyshe Lipman, Ida Kaminska, and Esther Rachel Kaminska. The theater groups best represented include the Varshever Yidisher Kunst-Teater (VYKT; Warsaw Yiddish Art Theater), founded by Zygmunt Turkow and Ida Kaminska; the Vilna Troupe; Yung Teater / Nay Teater (Warsaw; Vilna), under the direction of Michael Weichert; the Moscow State Yiddish Theater (known by its Russian acronym "GOSET"); Maurice Schwartz's Yiddish Art Theatre, of New York; and the Hebrew theater "Habimah." A wide variety of other professional as well as amateur theater groups are represented with smaller amounts of material.
This small series appears to have fragmentary documents from at least two original YIVO Archives collections created in Vilna during the prewar period. These are the Esther Rachel Kaminska Theater Museum Archive and the Records of the Jewish Actors Union of Warsaw. The series has only 10 folders and includes a colorful Yiddish language memoir of an actor, Hersh Amesia, who joined Goldfaden’s troupe; an actor’s membership card; the libretto of a Yiddish operetta; and an actor’s theater contract.
This series contains documents from actors, singers, composers, directors, all members of the YAF in Poland. These documents include correspondence, convention delegate cards, photographs, certificates, questionnaire forms, reviews, and other materials relating to individuals.
Subseries 6: Zaslavsky, Rudolf (זאַסלאַווסקי, רודאָלף), Berta Zaslavska (זאַסלאַווסקאַ, בערטאַ), and Leyb Getlicherman (געטליכערמאַן, לייב). Papers, 1909, 1922-1937
This subseries contains personal papers of Rudolf Zaslavsky and his wife Berta Zaslavska, as well as papers of the actor and director Leyb Getlicherman. It includes personal documents, correspondence, agreements, financial records, ephemera, clippings, and memorabilia.
The agreements and financial records pertain to Zaslavsky and theater troupes led by him in the period 1926-1930; and to cooperative troupes chaired by Leyb Getlicherman in the mid 1930s. In connection with Getlicherman's activity as chair of the latter troupes, the papers also include considerable correspondence between him and the Yidisher Artistn Fareyn (Yiddish Actors' Union), under whose auspices the troupes operated.
The materials related to Rudolf Zaslavsky mainly date from 1922 to 1930, while those pertaining to Leyb Getlicherman date from the mid 1930s. Scattered items related to Berta Zaslavska span both time periods.
Included are two manuscripts of remembrances of Rudolf Zaslavsky by Chaim Nisentsvayg and A. Eyngeltsin, respectively, that were possibly donated by Zalman Reisen (editor of the Vilner Tog, in which Nisentsvayg's piece was published).
This series consists of formerly unprocessed materials in the Records of the Yidisher Artistn Farayn.
- "Nora" in Vilna. Directed by and starring Ida Kaminska.
- "Di gayster," 4 items. In Warsaw, guest performer Lidia Pototska. In Vilna, guest performers Rudolf Zaslavsky and Berta Zaslavska, translated and directed by Zaslavsky. In Vilna, guest performer Julius Adler, translated and adapted by Adler. In New York, 1920, directed by Anatole Winogradoff.
Two group portraits from banquet(s) in honor of Zaslavsky (at center), in Montevideo, Uruguay, on the occasion of his guest appearances there. 2 items.
Localities: Baranowicze (Baranavichy), Białystok, Danzig (Gdańsk), Klaipėda, Lublin, Riga, Równe (Rivne), Vilna, Warsaw
Mostly pertaining to guest appearances of Rudolf Zaslavsky and his wife, Berta Zaslavska, with their ensemble, in productions directed by Zaslavsky. Two items are from the "Scala" Theater in Warsaw, at the time that he was the artistic director there. Plays performed include: "Zayn letste gelibte" by Ossip Dymov, "Stempenyu" and "Tevye der milkhiker" by Sholem Aleichem, "Shap" by H. Leivick, "Ibergus (Hertser tsu farkoyfn)" by L. Malach, "Der goldener shidekh" by M. Schwartz, and "Der dibek" by S. Ansky. Other performers highlighted include Zaslavsky's brother Shloyme Naumov, the four-year-old dancer Różia Klajner (Kleiner), ballet dancer Adolfini, and ensemble members Lola Silbermann, S. Weinstock, and H. Glovinski. 20 items.
זאַסלאַווסקי, רודאָלף; זאַסלאַווסקאַ, בערטאַ / Zaslavsky, Rudolf; Zaslavska, Berta, undated, 1923, 1928-1929, 1932
Localities: Chełm, Kraków, Petrograd (St. Petersburg), Pińsk (Pinsk), Vilna, Warsaw
Programs featuring Rudolf Zaslavsky and/or his wife Berta Zaslavska, typically in productions of plays, with Zaslavky directing. Also includes a brochure containing song lyrics and musical notations to "Di naye beygelekh" by Strok, for a performance by Berta Zaslavska; and two four-page theater newspapers devoted to Rudolf Zaslavsky's guest appearances. Plays performed include: "Khsidim" by A. Vieviorka; "Vos a vayb ken"; "Der freylekher toyt" by Evreinov, translated by L. Stotski; "Velfishe neshomes" by Jack London; "Dem khazns tokhter" and "Kinder fargesn nisht" by S. Libin; "Shap" by H. Leivick; "Der tayvl" by F. Molnár; "Der ben yokhed" by Maryashin; "Froy fun gas" by Hans Müller, translated by Y. Laks; "Ibergus (Hertser tsu farkoyfn)" by L. Malach; "Der meshugener batl" by I. L. Peretz; "Tekhter" by Rakhel Feygenberg; "Shtifmames" by H. Kalmanovitch; "Der goldene shidekh" by Meyer Schwartz; and "Nor a doktor," "Tevye der milkhiker," "Stempenyu," "Shver tsu zayn a yid," and "Mentshn" by Sholem Aleichem. One program is for the farewell evening of Yiddish writer Baruch Glassman in Vilna, including a recitation of the author, and a ballet under the direction of Aneta Reiser; another is for a Hanukkah commemorative evening in Vilna dedicated to the memory of Leon Pinsker. 36 items.
This subseries comprises approximately 1,000 oversize posters stored in map drawers. In Jonas Turkow's arrangement and cataloging of the items in the collection, oversize posters were fully integrated with the playbills found in Subseries 3; the item numbers they received fall within the same sequence as those of the playbills. Both types of items were categorized under the Yiddish heading "afishn" (posters, playbills; related to the French: affiche). The arrangement of the posters, therefore, mirrors that of the playbills in Subseries 3, with correponding folder titles and numbers (the folders containing posters are distinguished with the addition of a suffix "P" to the folder number).