Washington, George, 1732-1799
- Existence: 1732-02-22 - 1799-12-14
Biographical / Historical
George Washington was the first President of the United States (1789-1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation. His presidential leadership style established many forms and rituals of government that have been used since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. Washington was hailed as "father of his country" even during his lifetime.
Found in 7 Collections and/or Records:
Arthur Szyk Collection
Collection consists of advertisements, articles, books, lithographs, magazine covers, posters, and stamps that Szyk illustrated between 1931, 1941-1955. Additional items contain exhibit promotions and articles about Szyk's work. Szyk's artwork includes sartoric images of Adolf Hitler and Nazi leaders; patriotic images of President George Washington, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins, and American ideals; depictions of Eastern European Jewry, Israel's independence, prophets, and sages; and advertisements promoting Asbestos Limited, Casco, Nescafe, North American Aviation, United States Steel, and Utah Radio Products Company. Two Time magazine covers dated from 1941 display Szyk's portraits of Secretary of Agriculture Claude Wickard and Director of Economic Affairs Hubertus J. van Mook.
Gazette of the United States, George Washington letter to Hebrew Congregation of Savannah
Collection consists of one item, the June 19, 1790 issue of the Gazette of the United States. Within this issue, an address made by Levi Sheftal, President of the Hebrew Congregation of Savannah, GA to President Washington was printed alongside President George Washington's reply.
Sol Bloom collection
Contains correspondence between Bloom and Edward Coleman, librarian of the American Jewish Historical Society, regarding the George Washington Bicentennial celebration, and questions about American Jewish history (1933-1938).
Jacob Joseph collection
Contains three printed items pertaining to Rabbi Jacob Joseph: 1) a proclamation in Hebrew urging American Jews to join in the celebration of the centennial of George Washington's inauguration, and a prayer for the leaders of the country (1889); 2) an address in English pertaining to the need to observe the laws of kashruth (undated); 3) a photocopy of a broadside opposing taxes on kosher meat imposed by Rabbi Jacob Joseph (1889).
Jacques Judah Lyons papers
Jacques Judah Lyons, hazzan, rabbi and community leader, was born in Surinam and emigrated to Philadelphia in the early 1800s. Minister of the New York Congregation Shearith Israel for 38 years, he gathered extensive materials on early Jewish history in the United States, Canada and the West Indies. His papers include manuscripts, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, notebooks, photographs, and a Sansom ship's log book. Contains material relating to Jews in North and South America generally and more specifically to Congregation Shearith Israel and the Jews in New York, the Touro Synagogue and cemetery and the Jews in Newport, Rhode Island, Philadelphia and the West Indies. Also contains material relating to Jews in the wars of the United States, correspondence of the Jews with George Washington and items relating to Haym Salomon. Collection consists of manuscript material and five notebooks and three scrapbooks of Lyons. Contains material not listed in calendar consisting of sermons by Lyons, a manuscript prayer book used in Surinam and a guide for religious ceremonies at Congregation Shearith Israel, as well as letters written during the Civil War period and correspondence relating to the personal life and career of Lyons.
Myer S. Isaacs (1841-1904) Collection
Real estate lawyer, judge, newspaper editor, and philanthropist, Myer S. Isaacs was the eldest son of the second English-speaking Rabbi in the United States, the Rev. Dr. Samuel M. Isaacs (1804-1878). The Isaacs Family were founding members of the New York-based Jewish civil rights organization, the Board of Delegates of American Israelites (1859-1878), published the Jewish Messenger (1859-1902), and Myer was the first president of the Baron de Hirsch Fund. This Collection contains documents deriving from Myer and Samuel Issacs, and Myer's brothers Abram (1852 or 53-1920) and Isaac Isaacs (1845-1907). Information concerning Myer's children may also be found, including documents from his son Stanley (1882-1962), Manhattan borough President and New York City Councilman. Includes correspondence, clippings, commencement programs, invitations, souvenir and anniversary programs, election campaign materials, obituaries, funeral programs, and citizenship papers.
Records of the Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim (Charleston, S.C.)
This collection contains a letter (undated, but of the year 1790), signed by Philip Hart and Jacob Cohen, officers of the Congregation, congratulating George Washington on assuming the office of President of the U.S. The letter was probably sent to Cong. Shearith Israel in New York in an effort to submit a joint communication on behalf of the six Jewish congregations in the United States at the time, but it was not the one eventually presented to Washington.