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Schwartz, Maurice, 1890-1960


Found in 11 Collections and/or Records:

Esther-Rachel Kaminska Theater Museum Collection

Identifier: RG 8

The collection contains play manuscripts, programs, playbills, posters, photographs, correspondence, agreements, scrapbooks, clippings, printed ephemera, and memorabilia relating to Yiddish theater primarily in the early twentieth century, especially the interwar period. Also included are items of printed ephemera related to Yiddish film, Hebrew theater, and a broad range of Jewish performers, including cantors, singers and dancers. Geographically, the materials originate predominantly in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe, including parts of the Russian Empire and, later, the Soviet Union; and, to a lesser extent, the United States, especially New York City. Also included are materials from Western Europe, Palestine (Eretz Israel), South America, and other regions around the world. Among the theater personalities represented in the collection with significant amounts of material are Herz Grossbard, David Herman, Joseph Winogradoff, Rudolf Zaslavsky, Zygmunt Turkow, Jonas Turkow, Moyshe Lipman, Ida Kaminska, and Esther Rachel Kaminska. The theater groups best represented include the Varshever Yidisher Kunst-Teater (VYKT; Warsaw Yiddish Art Theater), founded by Zygmunt Turkow and Ida Kaminska; the Vilna Troupe; Yung Teater / Nay Teater (Warsaw; Vilna), under the direction of Michael Weichert; the Moscow State Yiddish Theater (known by its Russian acronym "GOSET"); Maurice Schwartz's Yiddish Art Theatre, of New York; and the Hebrew theater "Habimah." A wide variety of other professional as well as amateur theater groups are represented with smaller amounts of material.

Dates: 1887 - 1942; Majority of material found within 1900 - 1939

Maurice Schwartz, 1935

 File — Box 41, Folder: 961
Scope and Contents From the Series:

This series contains documents from actors, singers, composers, directors, all members of the YAF in Poland. These documents include correspondence, convention delegate cards, photographs, certificates, questionnaire forms, reviews, and other materials relating to individuals.

Dates: 1935

Papers of Peretz Hirschbein

Identifier: RG 833

This collection contains manuscripts of plays, articles and other writings, correspondence, memoirs, photographs, theater programs, and personal materials of Yiddish playwright, novelist, journalist, travel writer, and theater director Peretz Hirschbein. The collection helps to illustrate Hirschbein’s importance and lasting impact upon the revival of Yiddish theater and literature in the early twentieth century.

Dates: 1900-1971

Records of the Hebrew Actors’ Union

Identifier: RG 1843

This collection contains the administrative records of the Hebrew Actors’ Union (HAU), the professional union of Yiddish theater performers, which was based in New York City. Materials include correspondence, membership materials, financial records and members’ dues information, meeting minutes, and a great deal of sheet music and play scripts of performances from the Yiddish theater. A majority of these performances were in New York City, but there are also materials from Philadelphia, Chicago, Boston, Toronto, and Montreal, as well as various locations in Israel and South America.

Dates: 1874-1986; Majority of material found within 1920-1970

Subsubseries A: Yiddish Art Theatre (New York), 1919 - 1939

Scope and Contents From the Series:

This series contains materials related to performances and activities of theaters and theater troupes, organized by geographic location. Some files also pertain to a variety of local organizations that presented theatrical events and concerts, as well as organizations that promoted and supported Yiddish or Hebrew theater. The last subseries, Yiddish Theater (General) and Unidentified Materials, contains a small grouping of materials not related to specific localities, including manuscripts, clippings, and unidentified materials.

The materials in this series consist predominantly of theater programs; ephemera such as fliers, invitations, and tickets; and newspaper clippings (occasionally scrapbooks). The series contains, in all, an estimated 1700 to 1800 programs. The programs pertain to plays; revues; recitations; concerts, including cantorial concerts; dance performances; honorary evenings; and various special events of local organizations.

To a lesser extent, there are also publications and periodicals; and sometimes generic correspondence such as letters to supporters and fundraising letters, and, occasionally, manuscripts of articles about the given theater troupe, typically intended for publication in newspapers. (Some of the latter items were evidently donated by Zalman Reisen, editor of the Vilner Tog.)

The materials of the above types found under any given heading for a theater troupe, theater, or organization, are typically of mixed provenance, collected by various different individuals.

This series also occasionally includes small amounts of original records of theater troupes, such as correspondence and financial records.

Original letters from troupe members or leaders addressed to the literary historian and newspaper editor Zalman Reisen are found in the files for the Vilna Troupe (Folder 533); and "Ararat" (Folder 596). In the case of the Varshever Yidisher Kunst-Teater (VYKT), there is a small amount of original correspondence received by the troupe, including a letter from Richard Beer-Hofmann (Folder 500).

Fragmentary financial records are included for the Vilna Troupe, 1922 (Folder 538); and a ledger book for the "Baveglekher Yidisher Dramatisher Teater," 1921-1922, under the geographic heading for Warsaw (Folder 633). (According to an entry in Zylbercweig, VI: 4993, the latter troupe was founded by Jonas Turkow.)

Other notable provenance-based groupings of materials in the subseries for Poland are found under the following city headings:

Łuck (Lutsk, Ukraine): papers of the theater director Abraham Kolodny related to the "Yidishe Fraye Bine," 1910-1920 (Folders 621-622), along with theater programs likely collected by him.

Brześć nad Bugiem (Brest, Belarus): a scrapbook documenting performances of the Brisker Dramatishe Studye, 1927-1929, created by M. Sarwer (Sarver), the group's artistic director, along with programs evidently collected by him (Folders 696-697).

Częstochowa: receipts of impresario N. Zolotarew related to a tour of Lidia Potocka (Folder 668).

Also noteworthy is a scrapbook pertaining to a 1934 revival of the experimental Yiddish puppet theater "Khad Gadyo" in Łódź (founded in 1922, a collaboration between and Moyshe Broderzon and the artist Yitskhok Broyner); it contains the script of the performance, photographs and clippings (Folder 615).

Troupes represented with the most substantial amounts of materials include:

In Subseries 1. Poland, under the sub-heading "Poland by Theater Troupe": Varshever Yidisher Kunst-Teater (VYKT); Varshever Nayer Yidisher Teater (VNYT); the Vilna Troupe; Yung Teater/Nay Teater; and the "Kleynkunst," or revue theaters "Azazel," "Ararat," "Sambatyon," and "Yidishe bande."

In Subseries 4, United States, the Yiddish Art Theater, New York (directed by Maurice Schwartz).

In Subseries 6, Palestine (Eretz Israel), the Hebrew theaters Habimah and Ohel, respectively.

In the case of these major theater troupes, most of the material related to them is gathered under their name heading, found under the geographic locality with which they are primarily associated; however, the materials found there also include items pertaining to their tours in other parts of the country or region, and internationally.

On the other hand, files for specific towns, cities, or countries, in general contain many programs and clippings pertaining to guest appearances of individual performers, as well as smaller ensembles and troupes, who are based somewhere else.

Clippings are generally classified according to the main topic of the article (i.e. not necessarily according to the locality where it was published).

It should be noted that throughout the series, a distinction is usually made between professional theater and concerts, on the one hand, and amateur theater, or 'dramatic circles' on the other; when materials are related to amateur groups that distinction is typically specified in the heading. The distinction is especially clear in the subseries for Poland, which includes a separate sub-subseries for Amateur Theater (this follows the scheme established by Jonas Turkow during his preliminary organization of these materials at the YIVO Institute in New York).

Finally, as background, it should be noted that the programs that form the backbone of this series in representing the troupes, theaters, and localities, were among the materials that were organized and cataloged by Jonas Turkow at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York, in the late 1950s to mid 1960s. They bear stamped or handwritten item numbers (falling within the range 175167 to 177690) that Turkow assigned based on his initial sequencing of them in alphabetical order according to the names of the authors of plays (with concert programs grouped together at the end). Subequently, he selected certain programs to form groupings under peformer names (see Series II, subseries 1. Programs) and others to form groupings under the names of theater troupes and geographic headings (constituting the present series). The selection of the programs found in this series under general geographic headings, for particular towns, cities, and countries (as opposed to headings for the featured performer or director, as in Series II) thus reflects the arrangement devised by Turkow, documented in the cross-references he provided on his catalog cards for the programs. For further details, see the Scope and Content Note for Series I, Subseries 2, Programs.

Dates: 1919 - 1939

Theater and Film Poster Collection of Abram Kanof

Identifier: P-978

This collection contains 331 Yiddish theater and film posters, mainly from the first half of the twentieth century, from North and South America.

Dates: 1899-1970; Majority of material found within 1915 - 1940

שוואַרץ, מאָריס / Schwartz, Maurice, undated

 File — Box 88, Folder: 1257
Scope and Contents

Includes a portrait of Schwartz with his wife Anna Bordovsky-Schwartz; two clippings of photos; and a printed copy of a drawing. 4 items. See also under: Orzhevskaya (Snegoff), Esther.

Dates: undated

שוואַרץ, מאָריס / Schwartz, Maurice, undated, 1924-1925, 1931-1936

 File — Box 47, Folder: 125
Scope and Contents

Localities: Bucharest, Buenos Aires, New York, Philadelphia, Riga, Warsaw

Programs featuring Schwartz as an actor, director, and solo performer. Plays performed include "Kidesh hashem" by Sholem Asch, "Moshke khazer" by Y. D. Berkowitz, "Der nayer mentsh" by Francisco Sanchos, "Yid Zis" by Leon Feuchtwanger, "Riversayd drayv" (Riverside Drive) by Leon Kobrin, "Tevye der milkhiker" by Sholem Aleichem, and "Yoshe Kalb" by I. J. Singer. One program is for a Broadway performance of "If I Were You," an English-language translation by Tamara Berkowitz, of Sholem Aleichem's "Shver tsu zayn a yid." In several instances Schwartz directs companies of actors from his Yiddish Art Theatre on tour. Two programs are for concerts in which he performs together with singer Viola Philo and pianist Boris Kogan. One item is a souvenir brochure for the silent film Yisker (Yizkor; Austria, 1924), directed by Sidney M. Goldin, with Schwartz in the lead role (other stars include Oskar Beregi, Bina Abramowitz, Anna Appel and Isidore Cahser). 11 items.

Dates: undated, 1924-1925, 1931-1936

שוואַרץ, מאָריס / Schwartz, Maurice, undated, 1922-1937

 File — Folder 4938, Object: 178777A-178800
Scope and Contents

Localities: London, Lublin, Lwów (Lviv), New York, Paris, Vienna, Vilna, Warsaw

Mostly pertaining to Schwartz's appearances with his own ensemble, as actor and director, either at the Yiddish Art Theatre in New York or on tour. Plays performed include: "Yoshe kalb" by I. J. Singer, "Di zibn gehangene" by Leonid Andreyev, "Yid Zis" (Jew Suss) by Lion Feuchtwanger (with photos of Schwartz and Samuel Goldenburg), and "Der oyfshtand" (Revolt) by Y. B. Tsipor. Some items pertain to solo performances by Schwartz, and several are fliers for films, including Yisker (Yizkor), Onkl Mozes (Uncle Moses), and Lebedik bagrobn (Der umshuldiker korbn). 33 items.

Dates: undated, 1922-1937

שוואַרץ, מאָריס / Schwartz, Maurice, undated, 1916, 1927-1937

 File — Box 50, Folder: 268
Scope and Contents

Two items of correspondence, ephemera, and clippings. The correspondence consists of a telegram from Schwarz to the Bazaar & Tavern, Grand Central Palace, New York City, 1916, wishing success; and a letter from him to Nakhmen Mayzel, editor of Literarishe Bleter (Warsaw), written from Paris, 14 May 1932, concerning his intention to come to Poland as part of his European tour. Ephemera comprises a ticket for a testimonial dinner in New York, 1927, and a promotional postcard advertising Schwartz's appearance as David Shapiro in Sholem Aleichem's "If I Were You," on Broadway, fall 1931, with a message addressed to potential theatergoers named Shapiro. The clippings include articles by Schwartz. Several clippings are stored in Oversize Box 92. Approximately 24 items.

Dates: undated, 1916, 1927-1937

שוואַרץ, מאָריס / Schwartz, Maurice, undated, 1927-1937

 File — Folder 4938-P, Object: 178777–178799A
Scope and Contents From the Sub-Series:

This subseries comprises approximately 1,000 oversize posters stored in map drawers. In Jonas Turkow's arrangement and cataloging of the items in the collection, oversize posters were fully integrated with the playbills found in Subseries 3; the item numbers they received fall within the same sequence as those of the playbills. Both types of items were categorized under the Yiddish heading "afishn" (posters, playbills; related to the French: affiche). The arrangement of the posters, therefore, mirrors that of the playbills in Subseries 3, with correponding folder titles and numbers (the folders containing posters are distinguished with the addition of a suffix "P" to the folder number).

Dates: undated, 1927-1937