United States. Army
- Existence: 1775-06-14-
Found in 26 Collections and/or Records:
Abstract This collection consists of the American Jewish Committee's project to document Jewish participation in the United States Armed Forces during World War I. The bulk of the material consists of questionnaires the AJC sent to servicemen to determine Jewish identity, which contain information on personal identification and details of military service. Responses to the questionnaire come from both Jews and non-Jews. In addition, the collection contains office papers concerning the project and a ledger of manuscripts documenting the distribution of records collected by the Office of Jewish War Records, as well as lists Jews who died or were given military honors.
Dates: undated, 1918-1921, 1962
Identifier: AR 25795
Abstract The Bernard Eckstein Addenda Collection focuses on providing documentation of the life of the chemist Bernard Eckstein, especially his early life in Ulm, Germany, his education in England and the United States, and his military service during World War II. Documentation of the lives of his parents, brother, and other family members are also present. The collection includes official and personal documents, scrapbooks, family correspondence, biographical and autobiographical narratives, photographs, military documents, newspaper clippings, and other documents.
Dates: 1872-2018; Majority of material found in 1938-1946; 1990-2012
Identifier: AR 25310 / MF 1067
Abstract This collection is comprised of armed forces material, correspondence, and other material concerning Charles King Emma’s time in the U.S Army from 1943 through 1946.
Dates: undated 1941-2012; Majority of material found within 1943 - 1945
Identifier: RG 294.5
Abstract The collection is comprised of photographs of various provenances related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons (DPs) in the period immediately following the Second World War, from 1945 to 1952. The photographs pertain to DP camps and communities in the Allied occupation zones in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily those established by the American and British military, and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and, later, the International Refugee Organization. Diverse aspects of daily life among the DPs are depicted, such as school, work, recreation, and vocational training, including many activities sponsored by Jewish voluntary organizations, especially World ORT and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Also depicted are cultural activities such as theater, children’s performances, Jewish holiday celebrations and parades, and commemorative events honoring those who died in the Holocaust. The photographs capture leaders of the Jewish DP zonal and camp committees, DP police, and Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim), as well as notable military, political, and cultural personalities of the period, such as Lucius D. Clay, Fiorello LaGuardia, David Ben-Gurion, Yitzhak Gruenbaum, and H. Leivick. The photographs also reflect political and historical developments, including the major congresses of the DP leaderships in Germany, Austria, and Italy; protest demonstrations concerning British policies regulating immigration to Palestine; and events held upon the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.
Dates: circa 1920s-1959; Majority of material found within 1945-1952
Identifier: AR 6443
Abstract The Edgar Trier Collection documents Edgar Trier’s military career, first as a member of the French Foreign Legion and then as a soldier in the Unites States Army. The collection consists of personal materials as well as Army related materials such as personal correspondence, memoirs, military orders and reports, certificates, photographs, and clippings.
Identifier: AR 25677
Abstract This collection comprises letters, official documents, and photographs that pertain to the lives of members of the Gettinger family, specifically the brothers Isadore (Isidor) and Israel, as they attempted to emigrate from Austria amid the rise of the German Reich and the implications thereafter.
Dates: 1911-2012; Majority of material found within 1939-1946
Identifier: RG 294.2
Abstract These records detail the history of the displaced person camps in Germany, primarily in the American zone. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, theatrical, and literary groups. There are also a large number of records of court proceedings, centering on accounting for actions taken during the Holocaust as well as the formation of new families in the DP camps.
Identifier: AR 10374
Abstract This collection contains papers and some photographs pertaining to Hannah Schiller, her husband Rolf Wartenberg and her parents Rosa Schiller (née Oleynick) and Edwin Schiller. The emphasis of the material lies on Hannah Schiller's university and alumni papers and the couple's work at the Office of War information. The collection also contains various family documents, memorabilia and photos and Hannah's childhood diary documenting the family's emigration. There is correspondence with various organizations and friends mostly from the 1940s and 1950s.
Dates: 1914-1996; Majority of material found within 1921-1956
Identifier: AR 4198 / MF 985 reels 1-4
Abstract The first part of the collection (Series 1 = Personal documents) contains personal and official documents such as certificates, student and fraternity papers, visas and affidavits. Among the latter is the file “The United States vs. Matthew Morgenthau”. Hans Morgenthaus son was accused of starting a quarrel with a lieutenant as well as saying “the army is no better than Hitler’s”. The file contains other personal correspondence including a psychological profile of Matthews’s childhood written by his father. Furthermore, the collection includes the Spanish-American correspondence concerning the attempt to retrieve the Morgenthaus belongings from Spain. (The Morgenthaus lived in Spain from 1935 to 1937 and they left Spain at the beginning of the civil war.) The second part of the collection (Series 2 = Correspondence) consists of personal and official correspondence, including letters by family, friends and colleagues to Hans or Irma Morgenthau, as well as letters by the Morgenthaus themselves.
Identifier: AR 5827
Abstract This collection documents the life and career of Harvey P. Newton, including life during Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. Personal papers include correspondence, family history, school, military, and work-related documents. Papers about Nazi Germany include documents concerning World War II, concentration camps, and war veterans.
Identifier: AR 10111
Abstract In this collection are personal papers and documents of Heinz Herbert Liepmann and his father Herbert Liepmann, as well as a few items belonging to other family members. The bulk of these documents relate to the Liepmanns' medical education, military service for Germany and the United States, and emigration to the United States in 1938.
Identifier: AR 25742
Abstract This collection mainly consists of documents pertaining to Hilda and Henry Gottfried from Vienna, Austria. There are, for example, several photographs as well as official documents and letters.
Dates: 1882-2005; Majority of material found within 1938-1954
Abstract The Joseph Shubow Collection documents the life and professional activities of Joseph Shubow, military Chaplain, leader of the Congregation B’nai Moshe, Boston, MA and a prominent American Zionist leader. The collection includes correspondence, documents, lists, writings, speeches and sermons notes, photographs, and printed materials. Materials constituting the collection reflect various aspects of Joseph Shubow’s personal and professional life, religious leadership and writings in the fields of Judaism and Jewish history.
Dates: 1900-1979; Majority of material found within 1934 - 1969
Identifier: AR 7288 / MF 900
Abstract Photos, clippings, manuscripts, program posters, correspondence, ID's, of Joseph and Adrienne Willner. There are ID cards regarding his work in C.I.C. - Headquarters Command USFA in Vienna, as well as pamphlets on magic tricks, lecture scripts on hypnosis, various scripts for theater plays, and notes and clippings on the death of Joe Willner, the magician.
Identifier: AR 25654
Abstract The Leonie and Ernst Steiner collection contains photographs of three generations, official and legal documents and certificates of the time when the family members became American citizens. There is also some correspondence, for example from the young Eva Steiner in London to her father Ernst in the United States.
Dates: 1903-1980; Majority of material found within 1921-1947
Identifier: AR 25368
Abstract This collection contains personal papers of Siegfried Loeb and Else Loeb née Feibes and their immediate family members. The Loebs fled Germany for Palestine and then the United States, settling in Forest Hills, New York. Included are family trees, emigration papers, official documents, photographs, Julian Ulrich Loeb’s U.S. Army papers, and a cookbook.
Dates: circa 1900-circa 1980s
Identifier: AR 25703
Abstract The Marion Rosenthal Biel Collection holds papers of Marion Rosenthal Biel, her husband Frederick (Fritz) Biel, and of some of their family members. Prominent in the collection are documentation of Marion's early life in Germany and of her life during the early 1940s in England, Wales, and New York, as well as Frederick's time as an interpreter in the United States Army during World War II. The collection includes diaries, military documentation, photographs and a photo album, a small amount of correspondence, family members' official documents, and various other papers.
Dates: 1845-1975 ; 2007-2016; Majority of material found within 1924-1946
Identifier: AR 25472
Abstract This collection traces the Kirchheimer family from 1911 until 2011 and focuses on the personal lives of the family members and their ties to the cities of Wolfenbüttel, Bremerhaven, Bad Driburg, and surrounding towns. Materials include clippings, photographs, speeches, correspondence, education records, ephemera, poems, small notebooks, a diary, a high school yearbook, and few vital records.
Identifier: AR 25513
Abstract This collection documents Max Weinstein of Kassel, Germany and New York City, and his wife Gerda Weinstein née Karliner, as well as the Karliner family, of Beuthen, Germany (today Bytom, Poland) and Hartford, Connecticut.
Identifier: RG 294.1
Abstract This collection, which is a sub-group of RG 294 Displaced Persons Camps, consists of the records of Leo W. Schwarz, the Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC/JDC) for the U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany during the years 1946-1947. The papers pertain to his work with the JDC in Germany and to the history of the Jewish displaced persons in Germany after World War II.
Identifier: AR 25589
Abstract This collection contains the correspondence of Paul A. Mayer. Most of it consists of correspondence with family members. Primary topics of the collection are the attempts of Ernst and Lisbeth Mayer to emigrate from Germany, Paul and Margaret Mayer's correspondence from their time in England, and Paul Mayer's correspondence to Margaret during his service in the United States Army in World War II.
Dates: 1900-1949; Majority of material found within 1939-1945
Identifier: AR 25803
Abstract The Rudolph E. Friedman Collection contains the papers and extensive correspondence of this businessman. The collection centers on his early life in Germany, emigration and early years in the United States, and his military service during World War II. Some information on his family is also available. The collection consists largely of correspondence and documentation of his military service, but also includes a small amount of official documents and personal papers.
Dates: 1928-1946, 1973-2000s; Majority of material found within 1933-1945
Identifier: AR 11719
Identifier: AR 25113
Abstract As a young man in Gaukönigshofen, Germany, Werner Kleeman was imprisoned during Kristallnacht, sent to Dachau, and released a few months later. He immigrated to the United States and later took part in D-Day as a U.S. soldier. This collection contains correspondence, official documents, notes, and clippings regarding Werner Kleeman's military service, restitution claims, and pension claims, as well as drafts of his book From Dachau to D-Day. Papers from the military service, immigration, and restitution claims of his father Louis Kleeman comprise a substantial portion of this collection. Also included are genealogical tables, typescripts, and clippings focused mainly on the Kleeman, Loeb, and Lehman families. The final series consists of personal papers of Norborne P. Gatling, Jr., a U.S. soldier whom Kleeman knew.
Dates: 1877-2010; Majority of material found within 1939-2010
Identifier: AR 25619
Abstract The William Werner Bloch Collection documents chapters in the life of William Werner Bloch, especially his involvement as an American soldier in World War II, as well as the history of his family and the claim for compensation against Germany after World War II.
Dates: 1918-1998; Majority of material found within 1933-1960