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Theresienstadt (Concentration camp)

 Organization

Dates

  • Existence: 1941-1945-05- - 1945

Found in 17 Collections and/or Records:

Archives of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25443
Abstract

This collection contains the records of the Society for the History of Czechoslovak Jews, an organization founded in 1961, in New York City, by members of the Joseph Popper unit of B’nai B’rith, to foster and disseminate knowledge about the history and culture of Jews in the Czech and Slovak lands. Along with the Joseph Popper unit and, later, the Holocaust Survivors of Slovakia, the society sponsored an annual memorial service held in New York City to honor Czechoslovak Jews who perished in the Holocaust. A majority of the records are from the tenure of Rabbi Norman Patz as president (1994-2008). The materials primarily comprise correspondence, and items related to the annual memorial service, including texts of addresses, and yizkor memorial booklets. Also included are meeting minutes, letters to the membership, financial reports, writings, speeches, obituaries, clippings, photographs, and printed ephemera. The society's correspondence reflects its participation in cultural events related to Czech and Slovak Jewish history, as well as its relationship to the Jewish communities in the Czech Republic and, to a lesser extent, Slovakia; some correspondence with members contains genealogical information.

Dates: 1962-2010; Majority of material found within 1992-2010

Arthur and Ottilie Bleier Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25272
Abstract

This collection holds the papers of Arthur and Ottilie (née Schnabl) Bleier. It primarily contains personal documents, such as educational and official papers. Prominent topics are Arthur Bleier's career as a physician and the Bleiers' internment in the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp. In addition to the textual material, the collection holds some photographic material and some artifacts from the Holocaust, i.e. yellow stars and armbands.

Dates: 1884-1952

Bernhard Kolb Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 360 / MF 1021
Abstract

This collection holds the papers of Bernhard Kolb, the business manager of the Jewish Community of Nuremberg. Among the material here are personal papers with some information on the Kolb family as well as a small amount of papers of Hans and Käte Bruck and some material on Jewish communities, especially that of Nuremberg. However, the collection is largely comprised of records from Theresienstadt and the offices of Der Stürmer, the Nazi newspaper. The collection includes official records such as lists, reports and announcements; correspondence; unpublished manuscripts; notes; and some photographs and drawings.

Dates: 1778-1977; Majority of material found within 1929-1944

Curt Bejach collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10876
Abstract

The majority of the materials in this collection consist of original and some published documents pertaining to the Berlin physician Curt Bejach and his family. Also included are original correspondence and published articles about the physicist Samuel Goudsmit.

Dates: 1919-1996

Gerald Weiss Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25393
Abstract

This collection documents the history of the Weiss family with a focus on Gerald Weiss’ parents Jacob and Selma Weiss née Falk and their siblings. Jacob (alternatively Köbes) Weiss (1883-1965) was born the second of nine children to the cattle dealer Albert Weiss and his wife Mathilde Amalie née Michel. As a young man, he lived in Cologne and started a bed linen manufacturing business, S & J Weiss, with his brother Siegmund. As the situation for Jews in Germany worsened in the 1930s, he and Siegmund smuggled money from the business to banks in Holland to aid in the Weiss family’s emigration. Jacob Weiss emigrated with his wife and children in 1939 and settled in New York. This collection contains family trees, family correspondence, translations of family correspondence, vital records, immigration and naturalization records, correspondence and legal documents concerning restitution claims, correspondence and legal documents concerning the estate of Hermann and Carolina Michel née Frank, and correspondence and photographs concerning family gravesites and the restoration of a Jewish cemetery.

Dates: 1921-1999; Majority of material found within 1938-1960

Guide to the Rabbi Leo Baeck Collection

 Collection
Identifier: LBIJER 104
Abstract

The collection consists of material pertaining to Rabbi Leo Baeck. The material, mostly secondary, was collected by the Leo Baeck Institute’s staff and in some cases bear markings and notes by the Institute’s staff.

Dates: 1914-2007

Hedwig Geng Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 1587
Abstract

This collection documents the experience of Hedwig Geng née Berg (1891-1981) as a Jewish woman living in Munich during the Nazi regime and her survival of Theresienstadt. Materials include personal correspondence, official correspondence and directives, ephemera from Theresienstadt, identification papers, poems, notes, clippings, and a few photographs.

Dates: 1939-1970s

Ilse and Fritz Michel Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25502
Abstract

This collection contains personal and official documents pertaining to the family’s immigration to the United States and their situation in Germany as the political climate deteriorated. Included are a large amount of personal letters, supplemented by various other documents from government and military offices, some genealogical and tracing certificates, as well as other various material.

Dates: 1901-2003; Majority of material found within 1938-1942

Leo Baeck Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 66
Abstract

The Leo Baeck Collection documents the life and work of Rabbi Leo Baeck, well-known as a leader, scholar, and spokesman for German Jewry. Although the most prominent items in this collection are articles, clippings, and biographical material on Leo Baeck, the collection also holds original manuscripts of his writing, as well as personal documents, correspondence, and a small amount of photographs and artwork.

Dates: 1885-2001

Mittler-Herzog-Picard Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25199
Abstract

This collection contains correspondence and family papers from the Mittler, Herzog, and Picard families, mostly from or concerning the time and events of the Holocaust.

Dates: 1870-2000; Majority of material found within 1939-1944

Norbert Troller Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7268 / MF 500
Abstract

Extensive autobiographical manuscript by Troller, with illustrations and other supporting material, discussing his family and community, his early life, and his experiences during and after the Holocaust.

Dates: 1724; 1900-1998

Ostwald Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 11029
Abstract

Documents refer to the Ostwald, Tendlau and Cohen families. One focus is on the life of Alice Witte née Cohn. Of special significance is a letter that Karl Siche wrote to Alice Witte. Together with Alice Witte's former husband Max Witte, Karl Siche was detained in a concentration camp. Here Max Witte passed away. There is also a remarkable letter from Hedwig Ostwald, which she wrote in Theresienstadt in 1944, prior to her deportation to Auschwitz where she died. Her husband Max Ostwald, a lawyer and the head of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (district Westphalia) had already died in 1942 in Theresienstadt from disease.

Dates: 1816-1976; Majority of material found within 1889-1947

Paul Egon Cahn Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25431
Abstract

The Paul Egon Cahn Collection holds personal and official papers of Paul Egon and Senta Ilse Cahn and their families, as well as about one thousand personal and family photographs.

Dates: 1820-2002; Majority of material found within 1935-1985

Posters from Ghetto Theresienstadt

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6585
Abstract

Photographs of 71 posters, painted by Eli Erich Leskley (formerly Lichtblau) in Theresienstadt, 1942-1945.

Dates: [after 1945]

Resi Weglein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25633
Abstract

This collection contains the papers of Resi Weglein and reflects various periods of her life, especially the time period 1942 to 1945. Resi Weglein and her husband Siegmund Weglein were deported to Theresienstadt in August 1942, where she helped to provide health services to the detainees. The bulk of the documents in the collection consist of personal correspondence, restitution materials, emigration and immigration papers, and photographs. The collection also includes two handwritten notebooks of Resi Weglein and associated manuscripts which reflect her experiences as a nurse in Theresienstadt. The collection also provides information about the rest of her family, especially her husband Siegmund Weglein, who served in World War I, and her son Walter Weglein (later Weglyn), who was rescued via Kindertransport. Also included are clippings, book reviews, reports and correspondence from the War Refugee Board, and an assortment of materials pertaining to the Theresienstadt period.

Dates: 1894-2007; Majority of material found in 1930s-1940s, 1950s-1970s

Rose Wegner Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25028
Abstract

This collection consists mainly of correspondence between family members of Rose Wegner, predominantly of her mother Gertrud Leon's letters from Berlin to Rose in New York in the years 1938-1942. The recent correspondence between Peter Leon and Beate Niemann deals with the past of Beate's Nazi parents and their connection to the Leons.

Dates: 1884-2003; Majority of material found within 1937-1942, 2002-2003

Sternheim and Isenberg Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25379 / MF 1024
Abstract

This collection contains documentation on the lives of members of the Sternheim, Isenberg and Osterberg families. Prominent topics include family members' experiences in Germany during the 1930s and 1940s, genealogy and the writing of Max Osterberg and Hans Sternheim. The collection includes correspondence, clippings, manuscripts, family trees, notebooks, financial papers and some photographs.

Dates: 1802-2003; Majority of material found within 1939-1986