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Theresienstadt (Concentration camp)

 Organization

Dates

  • Existence: 1941-1945-05- - 1945

Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:

Arthur and Ottilie Bleier Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25272
Abstract

This collection holds the papers of Arthur and Ottilie (née Schnabl) Bleier. It primarily contains personal documents, such as educational and official papers. Prominent topics are Arthur Bleier's career as a physician and the Bleiers' internment in the Theresienstadt Concentration Camp. In addition to the textual material, the collection holds some photographic material and some artifacts from the Holocaust, i.e. yellow stars and armbands.

Dates: 1884-1952

Bernhard Wolff Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5482
Abstract

This collection documents the family of Bernhard Wolff, extending back to his earliest known ancestor in 1646 through his grandchildren born in the 1970s. Born in Esens (Ostfriesland, Germany), Bernhard escaped National Socialist persecution by emigrating to Porto Alegre, Brazil in 1938, followed shortly thereafter by his wife Fanny née Mitau. His six siblings and mother Flora née Oppenheimer also emigrated, eventually settling in Brazil, Argentina, Chile, or the U.S. The collection contains correspondence, family trees, vital records, official documents, and photographs of family and Jewish historical sites. Also included are a three-volume family chronicle and a two-volume collection of materials on the Jewish community of Esens (Ostfriesland) created by Bernhard Wolff. A unique highlight of the collection is the postcard album belonging to Fanny’s mother Ida Mitau née Jacobsohn, who was not able to escape Germany and perished in Theresienstadt.

Dates: 1881-1991; Majority of material found within 1938-1988

Bertha Badt-Strauss Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 3945
Abstract

The bulk of the collection consists of correspondence to Bertha Badt-Strauss from various writers and friends between 1940 and 1969. The letters deal with topics related to emigration/immigration, Judaism, Zionism and publishing opportunities in the United States and Mexico. Included are manuscripts, poems, photographs and clippings of Badt-Strauss's correspondents, as well as some of her own writings.

Dates: 1935-2011; Majority of material found within 1940-1969

Ernst Kantorowicz Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7216 / MF 561
Abstract

Correspondence on various topics, including emigration to the United States and Cuba; relocation in academic jobs; denazification and conditions in Germany after the war; and Kantorowicz's scholarship. Unpublished manuscripts, and offprints of articles and reviews by Kantorowicz, largely on medieval cultural history; a brief biography of him by Ralph Giesey. Manuscripts, correspondence, legal briefs, clippings, and other material on the loyalty-oath controversy; material on Kantorowicz's tenure at the University of Frankfurt, and on his dismissal. Manuscripts, correspondence, and other papers of family members; an art history essay by Gertrude Kantorowicz and a pamphlet of poetry from Theresienstadt; genealogies; and a manuscript on Simon Kaliphari of Posen; manuscript by Kaete Ledermann, A Memorial of Angi ("Esther") Kantorowicz, c. 1904-1944, 1954, including transcript compiled by Guenther Roth. Photos of Kantorowicz and of family members. Papers of Richard Kandt (1867-1918), an African explorer and, from 1908-1914, administrator of Ruanda: poems, letters, maps, and obituaries. Addenda: Original lectures by Kantorowicz. Photocopies for reader service.

Dates: 1918-1991

Ernst Solinger Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25395
Abstract

This collection documents the experiences of members of the Solinger and Vogel families of Aschaffenburg, Germany with a particular focus on Ernst Solinger (1913-2008) and his wife Martha née Vogel (1917-2007). Materials include correspondence, photographs, poems, vital records, property and inheritance papers. Also included are records of Ernst and Martha Solinger’s emigration, education, banking, and taxes, as well as their efforts to sponsor their parents’ emigration and their later restitution efforts on behalf of their parents.

Dates: 1915-1998

Eva Heilberg Schäffer Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25411
Abstract

The collection consists of private correspondence, personal documents and writings of Eva Heilberg Schäffer, her parents, her husband Hans Schäffer, her daughters and other relatives and friends.

Dates: 1849-1995; Majority of material found within 1890-1945

Gerald Weiss Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25393
Abstract

This collection documents the history of the Weiss family with a focus on Gerald Weiss’ parents Jacob and Selma Weiss née Falk and their siblings. Jacob (alternatively Köbes) Weiss (1883-1965) was born the second of nine children to the cattle dealer Albert Weiss and his wife Mathilde Amalie née Michel. As a young man, he lived in Cologne and started a bed linen manufacturing business, S & J Weiss, with his brother Siegmund. As the situation for Jews in Germany worsened in the 1930s, he and Siegmund smuggled money from the business to banks in Holland to aid in the Weiss family’s emigration. Jacob Weiss emigrated with his wife and children in 1939 and settled in New York. This collection contains family trees, family correspondence, translations of family correspondence, vital records, immigration and naturalization records, correspondence and legal documents concerning restitution claims, correspondence and legal documents concerning the estate of Hermann and Carolina Michel née Frank, and correspondence and photographs concerning family gravesites and the restoration of a Jewish cemetery.

Dates: 1921-1999; Majority of material found within 1938-1960

Gertrude Guckenheimer Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10042
Abstract

This collection documents the family history and restitution claims of Gertrude Guckenheimer née Goldschmidt (1916-2003) and her husband Ludwig Guckenheimer (1911-1991). Half of the collection relates to the family histories and family businesses of Gertrude and Ludwig, while the other half documents the restitution claims brought by them and their family members. Included are family trees, birth, marriage, and death certificates, inheritance documents, business contracts, and personal and business correspondence, bank records, official and legal documents concerning restitution claims, and a few photographs. The history of the family businesses Herz Hachenburger Sohn and Max Baer Söhne are well documented in contracts and correspondence.

Dates: 1819-1997

Hecht and Gottschalk Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 5605
Abstract

This collection contains the personal papers of members of the Hecht, Bielefeld, Günther, and Gottschalk families. Materials range widely in time period and content, providing insight into varied experience of these families from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century. Materials include vital records, emigration records, apprenticeship and journeyman records for a merchant, education records, letters of recommendation, personal correspondence, military records from World War I and World War II, restitution claims, property records, tax and financial records, friendship books (Poesiealben), documents related to religious services during military service, family trees, photographs, a diary about emigration, and a Hebrew primer.

Dates: 1819-1980

Hedwig Geng Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 1587
Abstract

This collection documents the experience of Hedwig Geng née Berg (1891-1981) as a Jewish woman living in Munich during the Nazi regime and her survival of Theresienstadt. Materials include personal correspondence, official correspondence and directives, ephemera from Theresienstadt, identification papers, poems, notes, clippings, and a few photographs.

Dates: 1939-1970s

Ilse and Fritz Michel Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25502
Abstract

This collection contains personal and official documents pertaining to the family’s immigration to the United States and their situation in Germany as the political climate deteriorated. Included are a large amount of personal letters, supplemented by various other documents from government and military offices, some genealogical and tracing certificates, as well as other various material.

Dates: 1901-2003; Majority of material found within 1938-1942

Kern-Martin Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25815
Abstract

The Kern-Martin Family Collection contains extensive family correspondence and documentation of members of the related Kern-Martin, Kern, Temple, and other families. Correspondence with friends, colleagues, and more distant relatives is included. Other family members' papers include many family photographs, education documents, writings and diaries, official documents, obituaries, and other papers.

Dates: 1863; 1903-2003; Majority of material found within 1936-1969

Klaus G. Loewald Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4960
Abstract

This collection contains the family papers of the Loewald and Landshut families, notably personal and vital papers from before, during and after World War II which illustrate both the family's history and personal and professional lives. In particular, this collection amply documents the family's emigration in 1939, as well as a relative's internment in Theresienstadt, through legal documents and personal and official correspondence. There are also a large number of photographs illustrating Rosa Loewald's work as a nurse during World War I.

Dates: 1870-1991; Majority of material found within 1870-1964

Leiter and Berliner Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 4448
Abstract

This collection contains the personal papers of members of the Leiter and Berliner families of Hamburg and Berlin. Some members of these families immigrated to the United States in the late 1930s while others survived World War II in Amsterdam, as forced laborers in Berlin, or in Theresienstadt. Materials include vital documents, official papers, personal correspondence, poems, clippings, official announcements and orders, banking records, restitution materials, and a few photographs.

Dates: 1911-1958, 1977

Leo Baeck Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 66
Abstract

The Leo Baeck Collection documents the life and work of Rabbi Leo Baeck, well-known as a leader, scholar, and spokesman for German Jewry. Although the most prominent items in this collection are articles, clippings, and biographical material on Leo Baeck, the collection also holds original manuscripts of his writing, as well as personal documents, correspondence, and a small amount of photographs and artwork.

Dates: 1885-2001

Marion and Max Wahl Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6303
Abstract

This collection is primarily composed of the correspondence of the Wahl family from the 1930s-1950s.

Dates: 1901-1989; Majority of material found within 1926-1963

Norbert Troller Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 7268 / MF 500
Abstract

Extensive autobiographical manuscript by Troller, with illustrations and other supporting material, discussing his family and community, his early life, and his experiences during and after the Holocaust.

Dates: 1724; 1900-1998

Nothmann Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 10492
Abstract

This collection consists of documents of the Nothmann family, including personal correspondence and official documents, such as passports and certificates. A lot of the material is about or from the time of the Nazi persecution.

Dates: 1892-1951; Majority of material found within 1938-1948

Ogutsch and Katz Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25578
Abstract

This collection contains official certificates documenting the lives of four family members of the Ogutsch-Katz family. Also included are report cards, clippings, correspondence, and obituaries, as well as many photographs.

Dates: 1893-1988; Majority of material found within 1941-1975

Paul Egon Cahn Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25431
Abstract

The Paul Egon Cahn Collection holds personal and official papers of Paul Egon and Senta Ilse Cahn and their families, as well as about one thousand personal and family photographs.

Dates: 1820-2002; Majority of material found within 1935-1985

Resi Weglein Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25633
Abstract

This collection contains the papers of Resi Weglein and reflects various periods of her life, especially the time period 1942 to 1945. Resi Weglein and her husband Siegmund Weglein were deported to Theresienstadt in August 1942, where she helped to provide health services to the detainees. The bulk of the documents in the collection consist of personal correspondence, restitution materials, emigration and immigration papers, and photographs. The collection also includes two handwritten notebooks of Resi Weglein and associated manuscripts which reflect her experiences as a nurse in Theresienstadt. The collection also provides information about the rest of her family, especially her husband Siegmund Weglein, who served in World War I, and her son Walter Weglein (later Weglyn), who was rescued via Kindertransport. Also included are clippings, book reviews, reports and correspondence from the War Refugee Board, and an assortment of materials pertaining to the Theresienstadt period.

Dates: 1894-2007; Majority of material found in 1930s-1940s, 1950s-1970s

Rose Wegner Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25028
Abstract

This collection consists mainly of correspondence between family members of Rose Wegner, predominantly of her mother Gertrud Leon's letters from Berlin to Rose in New York in the years 1938-1942. The recent correspondence between Peter Leon and Beate Niemann deals with the past of Beate's Nazi parents and their connection to the Leons.

Dates: 1884-2003; Majority of material found within 1937-1942, 2002-2003