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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee

 Organization

Found in 13 Collections and/or Records:

Abraham Klausner Papers

 Collection
Identifier: P-879
Abstract This collection contains the personal and professional papers of Abraham Klausner, including articles written by and about him, research materials for his articles and his memoir, correspondence, and Klausner’s personal and military records. These materials reflect his active involvement with Displaced Persons and the DP Camps in Postwar Germany as well as his sometimes complicated relationships with the Joint Distribution Committee and the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). The collection also contains issues of Fun Letstn Hurbn (From the Last Extermination).
Dates: 1942-2002

Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Photograph Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.5
Abstract The collection is comprised of photographs of various provenances related to the lives of Jewish displaced persons (DPs) in the period immediately following the Second World War, from 1945 to 1952. The photographs pertain to DP camps and communities in the Allied occupation zones in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily those established by the American and British military, and administered by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and, later, the International Refugee Organization. Diverse aspects of daily life among the DPs are depicted, such as school, work, recreation, and vocational training, including many activities sponsored by Jewish voluntary organizations, especially World ORT and the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. Also depicted are cultural activities such as theater, children’s performances, Jewish holiday celebrations and parades, and commemorative events honoring those who died in the Holocaust. The photographs capture leaders of the Jewish DP zonal and camp committees, DP police, and Zionist living collectives (kibbutzim), as well as notable military, political, and cultural personalities of the period, such as Lucius D. Clay, Fiorello LaGuardia, David Ben-Gurion, Yitzhak Gruenbaum, and H. Leivick. The photographs also reflect political and historical developments, including the major congresses of the DP leaderships in Germany, Austria, and Italy; protest demonstrations concerning British policies regulating immigration to Palestine; and events held upon the founding of the state of Israel in 1948.
Dates: circa 1920s-1959; Majority of material found within 1945-1952

Displaced Persons Camps and Centers Poster Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.6
Abstract This collection of posters includes approximately 1,000 rare or unique items pertaining to over 100 displaced persons (DP) camps and centers in Germany, Austria, and Italy, dating primarily from 1946 to 1952. Comprised of approximately 60% handpainted and 40% printed items, it includes posters produced by diverse Jewish groups within individual camps, such as administrative and cultural committees, sports clubs, Zionist and religious groups, and landsmanshaftn; as well as organizations active throughout the camps, including the Jewish central committees in the respective countries, the World ORT Union, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, the Jewish National Fund, and the Jewish Agency. A small number of items also document activities of the revived Jewish communities in the city centers of Munich and Vienna. Many of the posters use not only language but also color, graphic design, and pictorial and figurative elements to engage their audience with calls to entertainment, lectures, protests, and commemorations.
Dates: 1920-1926, 1939, 1946-1959, undated; Majority of material found within 1946-1952

Evelyn Pearl Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 6292
Abstract This collection contains photocopies of documents, photographs, and genealogical tables pertaining to the family of Evelyn Pearl (Perl) of Berlin and the related Wachsmann (Waxman) and Heimann families.
Dates: circa 1917-1994

Gertrude van Tijn Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 2477
Abstract This collection primarily documents the professional life of the social worker Gertrude van Tijn, who worked with Jewish refugees in Amsterdam during the 1930s-1940s. Much of the material focuses on the experiences of Dutch Jewry along with the German-Jewish refugees who had fled to Holland. About half the collection relates to the manual training farm Werkdorp Nieuwesluis. Some reports on the postwar refugee situation in Shanghai and Australia and biographical material are also present. The collection includes reports, correspondence, official documents, newspaper clippings and articles and a few photographs.
Dates: 1934-1970; Majority of material found within 1934-1947

Graf Family Collection

 Collection
Identifier: AR 25689
Abstract This collection comprises documents related to the Graf family from Offenbach, Germany. There are several photographs as well as official documents and letters.
Dates: 1867-1947

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Austria

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.4
Abstract These records detail the history of the displaced person camps in the American zone in Austria. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, vocational, and cultural groups, as well as personal papers. There are also records of the U.S. Army, UNRRA, and IRO’s actions in the camps.
Dates: 1938-1960; Majority of material found within 1945-1950

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Germany

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.2
Abstract These records detail the history of the displaced person camps in Germany, primarily in the American zone. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, theatrical, and literary groups. There are also a large number of records of court proceedings, centering on accounting for actions taken during the Holocaust as well as the formation of new families in the DP camps.
Dates: 1945-1952

Guide to the Records of the Displaced Person Camps and Centers in Italy

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.3
Abstract These records detail the history of the Displaced Person camps in Italy. They include the records of the individual camps as well as political and cultural groups that operated within the camps. The collection primarily consists of administrative records such as reports, correspondence, and lists as well as cultural materials from political, theatrical, and literary groups. There are also a large number of records of court proceedings, centering on accounting for actions taken during the Holocaust as well as the formation of new families in the DP camps.
Dates: 1945-1955

Papers of Leo W. Schwarz

 Collection
Identifier: RG 294.1
Abstract This collection, which is a sub-group of RG 294 Displaced Persons Camps, consists of the records of Leo W. Schwarz, the Director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (AJDC/JDC) for the U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany during the years 1946-1947. The papers pertain to his work with the JDC in Germany and to the history of the Jewish displaced persons in Germany after World War II.
Dates: 1940-1954

Records of HIAS-HICEM Main Office in Europe

 Collection
Identifier: RG 245.5 (France I-IV)
Abstract This collection, which is a sub-group of RG 245 HIAS, includes the records of the main HICEM office in Europe prior to and during World War II. There are also some records from the post-war period relating to the dissolution of HICEM, HIAS’s taking over of HICEM’s operations and HIAS’s work with displaced persons.
Dates: 1924-1953; Majority of material found within 1935-1953

Records of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Landsmanshaftn Department

 Collection
Identifier: RG 335.7
Abstract This collection contains mainly correspondence between staff of the JDC Landsmanshaftn Department and members of various landsmanshaftn, benevolent organizations of immigrants originally from the same communities, as well as between the Landsmanshaftn Department and the interest-free loan associations (gmilas khesed societies) and heads of the various Jewish communities, mostly in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Dates: 1926-1950; Majority of material found within 1937-1939; Majority of material found within 1945-1949

Shanghai Collection

 Collection
Identifier: RG 243
Abstract The collection relates to the life of Jewish refugees, mostly of German and Austrian origin, in Shanghai primarily between the years 1939-1948. It covers many aspects of their experience, including political and cultural events, relief and charity activities, and self-help. The collection originated from the YIVO exhibition that was organized and displayed in 1947 in Shanghai and later in New York. The collection consists of manuscripts, minutes of meetings, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and printed materials.
Dates: 1924-1950; Majority of material found within 1939-1948